國際哲學與文學學會2011年度的研討會

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國際哲學與文學學會2011年度的研討會

 

2011年五月二十三日至二十九日國際哲學與文學學會(International Association for Philosophy and Literature)將在台南成功大學的文學院舉辦其2011年度的研討會,會議主題為 East/West: Deterritorialization, Negotiation, Glocalization. 相關網址請參見: http://www.iapl.info/index.php

國際哲學學會的成員,主要由歐美各國的學者所組成,平常每年參加的人數約三百到五百位學者,其中以鑽研英美與歐陸哲學的西方學者居多,今年是第一次嘗試在亞洲地區舉行。由於大會主席Prof. Hugh Silverman希望能強化東西方哲學之間的對話,所以,我們很期待有一個有關討論儒家或新儒家哲學的session,因此,雖然call for papaers的時間早已超過期限,但我們仍然非常歡迎所有對儒家或新儒家哲學有專研的朋友們加入,也深深地期待能因此開啟東西方哲學之間更深入的學術對話。

由於目前在國際哲學領域上,歐美學者們談到新儒家哲學時,目前比較有印象的只有杜維明教授,因此,我們已經請國立成功大學的主辦單位邀請杜教授成為我們這個會議的Keynote Speaker,相關網址請參見:

http://www.iapl.info/_conferencehistory/IAPL_2011/MainConferencePages/IAPL2011.mainpage1.html。不過,大會主席 Silverman 教授仍然歡迎我們可以再推薦其它有代表性的Keynote Speaker的人選,或邀請對新儒學有專研的朋友們參與這個大會,並發表其儒家哲學的論點。此外,如果各位有意願報名參加這個會議,但來不及完成論文,我也可以推薦您們擔任某一個session的主持人。也煩請轉知有興趣加入這個國際學會的朋友們,盡快與我聯繫。這是一個與國際哲學界知名學者認識並進行學術交流對話的好機會!

目前我個人已經組成一個有關儒家教育哲學的session,但仍可容納兩三位朋友參加,也歡迎有興趣參加對話的朋友們加入,有關這個session的描述,煩請參見附加檔案。此外,因為參加教育哲學這個session的與談者中,有一位朋友Martine Schoenfeld教授(美國South Florida大學哲學系教授,德國人)鑽研康德哲學,因此,我們也順道舉辦一場康德道德哲學的工作坊,請他主講兩天『康德的實踐理性批判』一書,五月二十一日、二十二日在台北市立教育大學舉行,

也歡迎有興趣研讀本書的朋友參加。

 

Description of the Session:

Confucian and Western Educational Philosophy Encounter their Others: the Negotiation

between East and West

Classical Chinese thought, beginning from the I Ching (circa 1000 B.C.), is very different

from classical Greek thought (at least from Plato) insofar as it does not emphasize a notion of

the “subject” and “object” but rather begins from their interrelationship; thus in certain

respects it might be comparable with western poststructuralist thought. More specifically, the

“Confucian” ethics of Confucius and Mencius (6th century B.C.) focuses on the concept of ren or

“humanity,” whose Chinese character pictures “person” and “two,” thus suggesting the

meaning “between two people.” The problem is that interrelationship can be interpreted both

positively, as human sociality (and related to harmony, kindness, love, etc.), or negatively as a

“difference” or “otherness.” Indeed, while Mencius and Confucius emphasized the essential

and universal nature of ren within Chinese culture, they may have seen “others” (e.g. non-

Chinese) as not having this virtue, i.e. as not “being ren.”

However, under the pressure of western colonialism and globalization, the centrality of

Confucian ethics in Asia was greatly challenged by western perspectives. Chinese intellectuals

had begun to regard themselves as the “others” in comparative philosophical discussions. More

recently, however, western philosophical (especially ethical) has been increasingly influenced

by traditional Chinese Confucian thinking. And to a degree this may hold true for Philosophy of

Education as well as Ethics.

The increasing influence of Chinese thinking was in part made possible by the fact that in

western ethical thought, the Kantian “universal good” was increasingly challenged by 19th and

20th century European thinking, and most recently by post-structuralism. Derrida and Levinas,

for example, approach ethics not in terms of absolute moral laws or rules, which in themselves

are intrinsically tied to power and violence, but in terms of an openness to the other and to

“difference”—a perspective which in some ways comes closer to the traditional Confucian

“humanity” as ren (“between-people”) as discussed above. (And the focus on difference and

openness to the other might also imply that non-western thought should be welcomed into the

dialogue.

Especially with the current emergence of Chinese economic and political power in our

global society, the need to rethink western Ethical thought is all the more obvious, and perhaps

especially where this stands in a close relation to Educational thought: in traditional Chinese

philosophy to the two were always closely interlinked. Thus, giving some attention to historical

as well as philosophical issues, this session on the East/West Comparative Philosophy of

Education will attempt further the East-West dialogue in these areas, and in the context of our

increasingly global society. We welcome scholars from both the West and the East to join and

enrich us our discussions.

Keywords: Ethics, Confucianism, Postmodern West, Education, Difference, the Other(s), Poststructuralism,

China, Ren (Humanity)